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The Hindu civilization
India is the cradle of Hindu civilization, one of the oldest of mankind, like Sumer, Egypt, Chinese and Maya. It worth to be analyzed in details.

In this content you can see videos about India history and make a virtual tour to very important monuments.

"Incredible India, 5.000 years of History" - Part I (14m13)

1. The dawn of Hindu civilization about 2.500 BC, and Vedic culture

2. The invasions (Maury Empire, Cholas, Gupta Invasions and Arab occupation.


The dawn of Hindu civilization about 2.500 BC, and Vedic culture

Maureya Empire, Cholas, Gupta Invasions and Arab occupation


327-325 BC Alexander the Great in india.

The Maureya Empire  321 BC  and  Ashok
The Gupta dynasty (320 -500 AD) covers the north of India with a great empire.

The invasion of the Huns – 450 AD from Central Asia

From the ninth century until the thirteenth century - Chola dynasty controlled part of southern India.

From the eighth century Islamic invasions begin

The Arab conquering of India is reported as one of the most bloody in the world history.

However, Arabs only have a dominant expression after the Sultanate of Deli1206 - 1210.

Some Indian states, remain independent kingdoms like Bengal, Gujarat, Mandu, Jacumpur and some others.

In the fourteen century,  Arabs were in control of majority parts of India

And an important business network becomes installed to trade with the West, through the Red Sea and Arabian Sea controlled by the Arabs.

Europeans means a black shadow in Arabic control of the territory and sea trade with west.


"Incredible India, 5.000 years of History"    Part II – (14m44)

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With Arabs in power, the Arrival of the Europeans and Mughals invasion, means a nightmare to Arab occupation.

During the British occupation to the independence, India becomes the “Joel of the Crown” during 4 centuries.  In 1947 India becomes independent and it is today an emerging economy with a nation with an enormous potential.


India virtual tour

Visiting some of the most interesting monuments with a focus on their history and cultural aspects of Indian reality, geographically dispersed, it is not an easy task, but can be tried and it helps to realize in space and time the visits to some of the most important monuments of India.

Incredible India - Dawn in Varanasi



According to the Hindu religion, the body after death should be purified by the four elements (fire, air, water and earth).
Cremation is therefore an instrument of choice, where after its completion the ashes should be thrown into a sacred river to return to earth.
The Ganges is the sacred river of the sacred.
Vasarani on its banks is one of the holiest places in Hindu culture and here are pilgrims, bereaved families, tourists, beggars, and as always the "moneychangers from the temple."
Navigating the Ganges to formulate personal wishes, or wander in the streets of Varanasi, is something unreal, unforgettable and compulsive.



Incredible India -  Varanasi

By the streets of Varanasi



Walking the streets of Varanasi any time of day or night, is to confront us with a continuous flow of people, cars, Tucson Arizona-Tucson Arizona, bicycles, trash, electric cables everywhere, cows and everything else imaginable.
In a country that already has more than 1,300 million people do not know what is worse, if the increase in human population or the cows.



Incredible India - Night Ceremony at Varanasi  / Cerimónia em Varanasi

Night Ceremony in the Ganges

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Varanasi on the banks of the sacred Ganges, has two daily special moments:
The evening ceremony of mourning and ordered the dead;
At dawn, with purification by bathing and preparation of the cremations.
In the eyes of a Westerner, believer or agnostic, we have mysticism, spirituality, fascination, exoticism where reality is mixed with the surreal.
Something, not to be missed.


The Traffic

If you think that traffic if bottled in your country, you are wrong, I´m going to show you a normal road traffic in India ( Sarnath – Varanasi), in a normal hour ( 4h45 PM), in a normal day ( Tuesday 6 March 2012).


Incredible India – Delhi

Delhi is the capital of India since 1911 when the British decided to move the capital from Calcutta to Delhi.
The degraded environment of the city led the British to build a new city with streets New Delhi-delineated and totally new ways by creating a new India within India.
Today New Delhi is the administrative city, where the embassies are located and the wealthier classes. The great Delhi exceeds 20 million, includes the usual great contrasts of India, in social, architectural, historical and religious.
An endless world of contrasts.



Incredible India – Sarnat


Buddha (540 467 BC) makes his first preaching in Sarnat.
Indicating the social and philosophical principles: anti caste, equality for all including women, indifference to God and religion, denial of material goods, but mainly against the power of Brâmenes.
A place for meditation.



Incredible India –  Taj Mahal


One of the wonders of the world, is known by a monument erected to celebrate love.
Of great splendor and magnanimity was built by Emperor Shah Jahan in 1630 in honor of his late fist wife.
It is a gem that adjectives are not necessary, but it is a must, to be seen.
See the Taj Mahal in the distance from the Red Forte in Agra is also a mandatory scenario.



Incredible India –  Forte Ambar



Visit to India without walking an elephant, watch a snake charmer, to feel the exuberance of the environment of the Maharajas, the chaos  of traffic, garbage throughout all parte orspeak” with a sacred cow, is not having gone to India.
But mostly to be face to face with the enormous social contrasts. Between the incredible gorgeous life in the rich palaces of the Maharajas, and the incredibly miserable way of life of commune people.
Everything can be found in Rajistan and especially in Fort Amber, who was state capital until 1728.



Incredible India –  Dia do Holi, Sikri and  Birla

 Few celebrate spring as the Indians. The day of Holi, where they paint everything even themselves, with bright colors of joy and life worth be lived.
The visits to the city of Fatehou Sikri, the mosque Daryah the Hindu temple of Birla are examples of enormous cultural diversity and tolerance of the Hindu people.


Incredible India –  Mumbai


Maybe in a few places in India, we can be seen with such deep contrasts.
The difference is huge between an emerging wealth and lush, with a total poverty and shocking to the eyes of a Westerner
But if we go back in time and compare it to the India of the British against the Hindus of India, where the gate of the Taj Mahal Hotal, had a sign saying, "prohibited the entry of dogs and Indians," it is worth asking a question:
What really has changed and what remains to change?


Incredible India –  Goa

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Incomparably cleaner, far more tidy and a hybrid culture, are still discernible today in Goa by all corners.
The Portuguese had an integrative approach in India, with two lines of action: to spread the word of Christ, and to establish in cities for commercial purposes.




Here's an attempt to relate a synopsis of 5,000 years of history and real India today.